Argentina inflation likely rose back up to 3.6% in December, a Reuters poll of analysts showed, which would be the highest level since last April, driven by consumers splurging on festive feasts and holidays in the last month of the year.
The median result came from 18 local and foreign analysts, whose estimates for the monthly rise in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) ranged from between 3.2% and 4.5%, up from a 2.5% increase in November. The official December data is due on Thursday.
“The acceleration of inflation versus November is explained by the collection of bonuses and vacations, people spending pesos faster to buy items for parties and holidays,” said Natalia Motyl, economist at the Fundación Libertad y Progreso.
Argentina’s government has been battling to tamp down rampant inflation, which is running at an annual rate of over 50%, with caps on exports of some meat cuts and grains as well as price freezes on many consumer goods.
The country’s central bank recently hiked the benchmark interest rate to 40%, its first raise in over a year.
“Despite the freezes of some 1,400 products, the initial impact that was seen in November was offset by price increases outside the agreement,” said Isaías Marini, economist at consultancy Econviews, adding meat prices had made a big impact.
“It’s now a challenging start for 2022 in terms of prices, with inflation in 2021 appearing to set a floor for things. With tariffs and exchange rate adjustments, we project that inflation in 2022 will end at 58%.”