Activist-lawyer Ebun-Olu Adgboruwa has said the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has no power to withhold the certificate of return of an election winner.
He said there was no basis in law for INEC to review an already declared result of an election “no matter the circumstances”.
He faulted the commission for withholding the certificate of return of Imo State Governor Rochas Okorocha.
INEC said Okorocha was declared winner of a senatorial seat “under duress”.
said the commission of his name from the list of those presented with
certificates of return “is illegal and ultra vires the electoral body”.
He argued that based Section 68 (1) (c) of the Electoral Act 2010 (as amended), only a tribunal could overule an election.
Section reads: “The decision of the Returning Officer on any question
arising from or relating to declaration of scores of candidates and the
return of a candidate, shall be final, subject to review by a Tribunal
or Court in an election petition proceedings under this Act.”
said: “In the case of Governor Okorocha, there was a declaration of his
scores in the election and he was announced and returned as elected, by
“However, the Returning Officer claimed that he did the
declaration and return under duress to save his life. This is an
allegation, coming from INEC.
They are facts that will aid the
Election Petitions Tribunal to take a decision on whether or not to
nullify the election, in view of the alleged violence or duress.
INEC cannot in law raise an allegation of duress or violence and then
proceed to investigate it and then take a decision on it. You cannot be a
judge in your own cause!
“Whereas I do not support that any
electoral officer should be threatened or compelled to make a
declaration, but once when a declaration has been made, it becomes
“It cannot be reviewed, retracted, reversed or
investigated by INEC. Section 68 gives that power of review to a
Tribunal or Court in election petition proceedings. This is clear beyond
any controversy, from the letters of section 68 above.
no power under the law, to withhold or refuse to issue a certificate of
return, to a person whose scores or votes have already been declared,
even if done under duress or through violence.
“Section 75 of the Electoral Act provides as follows:
sealed Certificate of Return at an election in a prescribed form shall
be issued within seven days to every candidate who has won an election
under this Act: Provided that where the Court of Appeal or the Supreme
Court, being the final appellate court in any election petition as the
case may be, nullifies the Certificate of Return of any candidate, the
Commission shall, within forty-eight hours after the receipt of the
order of such Court, issue the successful candidate with a valid
Certificate of Return.’
“From the foregoing, INEC must issue a
certificate of return to every candidate who has been declared to have
won an election, it has no discretion in the matter.
won under duress or with violence, is immaterial. Okorocha has been duly
declared and INEC has no choice than to issue him a certificate of
return. The facts of how he got himself declared are for the Election
Adegboruwa said based on Section 75 (1),
where a certificate of return has become a subject of litigation and is
nullified by the court, then INEC will issue a new certificate of return
to the other candidate who has succeeded in the court case, as the old
certificate of return stands nullified by the court.
“Thus, it is
not the candidate who has been declared in any election that will go to
court to compel INEC to issue him with a certificate of return, but
rather for the aggrieved candidate to approach the Elections Petition
Tribunal to have the certificate of return nullified.
(2) of the Electoral Act: ‘ Where the Commission refuses or neglects to
issue a certificate of return, a certified true copy of the order of a
court of competent jurisdiction shall, ipso facto, be sufficient for the
purpose of swearing-in a candidate declared as the winner by the
“Section 75 (2) is simply meant to enforce the proviso to
section 75 (1). It is about what happens post-litigation. It does not
confer INEC with power to withhold certificate of return for a candidate
that was originally declared winner of an election.
sections 75 (1) and (2) together, here is what the law says:1. Once a
candidate’s score or election results have been declared, INEC must
issue him with a certificate of return.
“Where that certificate
of return has been challenged and is nullified by the court, INEC must
issue a new certificate of return to the person newly declared by the
court as winner of the election.
“If the candidate newly declared
by the court is unable to get INEC to issue him with a new certificate
of return within 48 hours of the judgment of the court, then he can rely
upon a certified true copy of the court judgment for his swearing-in,
in place of the certificate of return.
“It is clear that INEC has
no power in law, to review the outcome of election results or
declarations and it has no power to withhold certificate of return.
must be careful not to create monsters and terrors from our
institutions, where the law has not conferred such powers on them.”